Fortress Vitznau History and Dates

Type:
Artillery fortress (Kasemattenwerk)
Task:
Blockage of the axis Lucerne-Stans, Allwegübergang, Brünigpass, Engelberg valley, protection of the airfield Buochs/Ennetbürgen.
Construction:
December 1941 – January 1943 (13 months)
Armament:
two 10,5 cm ammun ition cannon 1939 built on fixed gun carriages (licence constructor Bofors-cannon 1927), machine gun stands, hand grenade ejection. One cannon cost CHF, 150,000.— including armour.
Date of determining the target range:
16th February 1943
Range:
with iron steel shells – 17,5 km; with newly developed shells developed in 1946 – 21,4 km.
Approximate scope:
-1 till 45 degrees, side +/-30 degrees
Ammunition:
Loading 1-6 (1975: approx. 40 tons powder stored), iron steel shells and smoke steel shells with igniters (1975 approx, 17,000 pieces stored)
Cadence:
up to 15 shots per minute
External defences:
mine thrower stands, mines, machine gun stands, bunker
Garrison:
war stock 1943: 337 soldiers (including obere and untere Nas); 1975: 146 soldiers (including 1Light Anti-Aircraft platoon); 1991 120 soldiers.
Provisions/Supplies:
for 121 soldiers for 54 days (approx. 1975 : 6600 packed meals)
Defence expansion
1954 construction of the decompression gallery ; 1959 installation of the atomic filter and the antenna area.
 
 

Fortress Artillery Company 82

 

The Fortress Artillery Company 82 was enlisted in May 1943 and served in the fortress Vitznau. With the Army Reform 95, the fortress Vitznau was discharged . End of August 1998, the fortress was acquired by the village community and the local authorities with the surrounding 8700m2 allotment from the Swiss Military Defense Department with the intended purpose of preserving this contemporary witness of the 2nd World War and the Cold War as an active tourist attraction and not just as a museum. This is how the fortress Vitznau was born in itís existing form today.

Impressum - Verein Festung Vitznau | Copyright © 2001-2018 by Verein Festung Vitznau (VFV)